Today is the day of
great happiness for the people of Kerala. The farmers reap the harvest,
bring the grains to the home and rejoice. Food is very essential for the
nation. It is the farmers who feed to the nation and bring peace and
prosperity to it. It is their good fortune to be able to render such joyful
service to the nation. Only when the farmers who give us food are happy and
contented, can the nation be peaceful and prosperous. Right from dawn to
dusk, they toil in the fields and render great service to the nation.
Embodiments of Love!
This land of Bharat is very sacred and meritorious. Since time immemorial,
Bharat has been imparting spiritual education to all nations of the world
and thus bestowing peace and happiness on all. This is the eternal glory of
Bharat. The motto of the Bharatiyas has been Loka Samasta Sukhino Bhavantu
(May all the people of the world be happy!) Sarvam Khalvidam Brahma (verily
all this is Brahman). As Brahma pervades the entire world, Dharma should
permeate all actions of man. Karma will be sanctified only when it is based
on Dharma and Brahma. It is said, Karmanubandheeni Manushya Loke (human
society is bound by action). Nobody should waste time. Right from the time
he wakes up in the morning, man should utilise his time and energy for the
welfare of society. This is his main duty. He should realise that his
welfare lies in the welfare of society. I have seen that the people of
Kerala are always engaged in some activity or the other. They work very
hard. They are not interested in comforts and pleasures. They derive
happiness in working hard and serving society. They strive for peace and
security of one and all. That is their most sacred virtue.
Embodiments of Love!
Kerala is the seat of education. It is the land which stands as testimony to
the profound truths enunciated in the Vedas, Sastras, Puranas and Itihasas.
In such a land of peace and sacredness, today people are unable to
experience unsullied happiness which their ancestors were able to enjoy in
the past. However, there is no cause for worry. A time will come, when
Kerala will regain its past glory. Time plays an important role. We have to
discharge the duties ordained on us by God and thus sanctify our time.
Whatever actions we perform are the reflections of our inner feelings only.
You should undertake such actions which will provide internal as well as
external happiness. Nobody can remain without performing action.
|Man is born from
action, is sustained by action and ultimately merges in action. Action
is the cause for pleasure and pain. Truly speaking, action is God for
Man's life is bound
by Kala, Karma, Karana, Kartavya (time, action, cause, duty). Due to the
effect of Kali Age, man does not work hard. Both the educated and the
uneducated have become lethargic. You have to sanctify your life by doing
righteous actions. Action is the cause for everything. Action is life. It is
very unfortunate that man has not understood the importance of action. He
wants to lead an easy life. Even the students want to pass the examinations
without putting much effort. They want to secure jobs without working hard.
After securing jobs, they want salaries without discharging their duties.
This type of conduct is not good. It is said, Kashte Phali (hard work yields
rich rewards). The rewards that one gets will be in commensurate with the
efforts he puts in. One should recognise this truth and work hard
accordingly. Unfortunately, such a spirit of work is not seen these days.
There are people who go to office only to give attendance. Each one has to
question himself whether he is discharging his duty properly or not. It is
most essential that man becomes duty conscious.
Embodiments of Love!
You have to bend your body and work. Discharge your duty with the sweat of
your brow. Only then can you get the right reward. Today people are
suffering for want of food and drinking water. What is the reason? Man is
not undertaking righteous actions. When man does his duty sincerely, there
will be no shortage of food and drinking water. Without working hard, one
cannot lead a happy life. Na Sukhat Labhyate Sukham (one cannot derive
happiness out of happiness). We can get happiness only when we work hard.
For every action of ours, there is bound to be reaction. For every sound
that we make there will be resound. When we undertake righteous action and
utter sacred words, the same will come back to us in the form of reaction,
reflection and resound.
Embodiments of Love!
Our actions should be such that they bring happiness to ourselves as well as
others. First of all, we have to enquire what is true happiness and what is
sorrow. People think that happiness lies in eating to the fill and having a
sound sleep. That is no happiness at all. Happiness lies in working hard and
serving society. We can experience peace and happiness only when we help the
poor and needy. After our daily prayer, we utter the word peace thrice -
Santhi Santhi Santhihi. Where is peace? It is inside, not outside. Outside
there are only pieces! You are the embodiment of peace, you are the
embodiment of truth, you are the embodiment of love, you are the embodiment
of God. How foolish it is to look for peace outside when it is present
within! You have to put in proper effort to experience the peace within. You
have to turn your vision inward. When two branches rub against each other
repeatedly, fire is produced. Similarly, continuous hard work will produce
Jnanagni (fire of wisdom).
Embodiments of Love!
Today, nobody wants
difficulties. Everybody aspires for happiness. Where is happiness? It is
everywhere. We should earn the deservedness to experience it. Our Judge (who
spoke earlier) mentioned in his speech that he was disappointed when Swami
did not speak to him in spite of having worked hard. He did a lot of
self-introspection. As a result, he got a good chance today. Without working
hard, you cannot get any reward. But today man is not prepared to work hard.
During Upanishadic times, people would offer their salutations to the Karma
before undertaking it - Thasmai Namah Karmane (salutations to action). We
have to offer our salutations to the Karma in the first instance so that it
gives us good result. In Bharat, some people follow this sacred tradition
even today. A cricket player pays his respects to the ball before starting
to bowl. A dancer salutes the anklets before tying them to her feet. Even an
uneducated driver offers his obeisance to the steering wheel before driving
the vehicle. But most of the educated people have forgotten such an ancient
tradition and culture. That is why accidents are on the rise. There is a
sense of fear and insecurity among people. First of all, we have to offer
our respects and express our gratitude to Karma before undertaking it. Every
one has to understand his duty and perform it to the best of his ability.
Before the commencement of any music programme, musicians pray to Vinayaka,
the remover of obstacles. One who has no Nayaka (master) above him is
Vinayaka. He is the master of all. Hence, we have to offer our prayers to
him before the commencement of any activity. Since ancient times, Bharatiyas
adhered to such sacred traditions implicitly. People decorate their houses
with buntings of green leaves on festival days. Big pandals of mango leaves
and plantain leaves are erected at the time of marriages. Green leaves are
given place of prominence in such decorations. What is so special about
them? Can't we have a shamiana instead? No, that is not in accordance with
our ancient tradition. What is the logic behind this tradition? As you are
aware, we inhale oxygen and exhale carbon dioxide which pollutes the
atmosphere. At the time of marriages, many people gather at one place. As a
result, more and more carbon dioxide is released into the air and the
atmosphere gets polluted. The green leaves of the pandal inhale the carbon
dioxide and release oxygen and thus purify the atmosphere. In this manner,
they bestow health and happiness on us. Thus, every tradition of Bharat has
a profound inner meaning. Such sacred traditions are ignored today. Wherever
a marriage is performed or a big meeting is held, people prefer decorative
shamianas to pandals, plastic festoons to green leaf festoons. Can you get
oxygen from plastic festoons? Can they absorb carbon dioxide? The shamianas
and the plastic festoons may be aesthetically pleasing but they serve no
purpose in keeping the atmosphere pure. We should never forget our ancient
traditions. In Kerala, even today ancient traditions are followed. On
festival days, they place a lamp on rice, with beautiful decorations around.
It is very auspicious for the house. Onam and Vishu are the sacred festivals
which the Keralites celebrate. You must understand the tradition and
significance associated with the celebration of Vishu. It is not merely
meant to wish each other 'hello' and shake hands. Vishu is that day when
your house has grains in plenty and the State attains prosperity. This is
how the festival was celebrated in ancient times. Today Vishu celebration is
confined to wishing each other. This is not the way to celebrate Vishu. You
have to aspire and work for the happiness of others. True celebration of
Vishu lies in each sharing the happiness of the other. Give and take. It is
not 'one way traffic'. You have to give happiness to others. Only then will
you have the right to receive it from others.
Kerala has plantain trees and coconut groves in abundance. You find greenery
all around. Keralites prepare various types of puddings with plantains.
There is a special type of plantain called 'Nendra Pazham' which they
distribute to others.
The Gayatri Mantra begins with the syllables 'Om', 'Bhur', 'Bhuvah' 'Suvaha'.
'Om' is the primordial sound, Pranava. 'Bhur' represents Bhuloka, the world
of materials (materialisation). 'Bhuvah' is related to the mind (vibration).
'Suvaha' represents Prajnana (radiation). When you understand these three
principles, your life will be sanctified. But today man is not interested in
such divine principles. He craves for worldly gains. How long can he enjoy
physical pleasures? They are momentary. They do not give true happiness.
This is what Adi Sankara said in his famous "Bhaja Govindam" song thus:
Ma Kuru Dhana Jana Yauvana Garvam,
Harathi Nimeshath Kalah Sarvam
(do not be proud of your wealth, progeny and youth; the tide of time may
destroy them in a moment.)
Hence, you should not crave for worldly happiness. You should strive for
eternal peace and everlasting happiness. You should not be caught up in the
endless cycle of birth and death. You should transcend birth and death and
Punarapi Jananam Punarapi Maranam
Punarapi Janani Jathare Sayanam
Iha Samsare Bahu Dustare
Kripayapare Pahi Murare.
(Oh Lord! I am caught up in this cycle of birth and death; time and again, I
am experiencing the agony of staying in the mother's womb. It is very
difficult to cross this ocean of worldly life. Please take me across this
ocean and grant me liberation.)
Once a person was sitting under a tree on the bank of river Ganga and trying
to master the nuances of Panini grammar. He was repeating 'Dukrun Karane', 'Dukrun
Karane'. Sankara was going to the river with his disciples for a sacred
bath. He took pity on the person, went up to him and said, "My dear one, by
learning the rules of grammar, you may become a great scholar. But it is not
going to save you from death. Hence, chant the name of Govinda, who alone is
your saviour." It was then that Adi Sankara sang the famous 'Bhaja Govindam'
Govindam Bhaja Moodha Mathe
Samprapthe Sannihithe Kale
Nahi Nahi Rakshati Dukrun Karane.
(Oh foolish man, chant the name of Govinda; the rules of grammar will not
come to your rescue when the end approaches.)
Some of the other verses of this song were composed by the disciples of
Sankara. It is said, Yatha Raja, Thatha Praja (as is the king, so are the
subjects). The same can be said of Guru-sishya relationship. Yatha Guru
Thatha Sishya (as is the preceptor, so are the disciples). The preceptors of
those days were highly noble. They set great ideals which their disciples
emulated. We don't find such masters and disciples today.
One should not crave for scholarship or name and fame. They come and go.
When there is plenty of water in the pond, frogs make their way into it.
When the water dries to a trickle, you do not find a single frog there. In
the same manner, when your pocket is full, many people swarm around you. But
when your pocket is empty, no one will look at your face. This is the way of
the world. Do not get deluded by the Loka (world). Contemplate on Lokesha
(Lord of the world) incessantly. Sankara made a great contribution to the
spiritual wealth of this country. We should express our gratitude to him by
following his teachings. We should never forget our cultural heritage. Each
State has its own traditions. They have to be followed in letter and spirit.
Today, fashions have displaced traditions. Do not be carried away by
fashions. Let the ancient traditions be imprinted on your heart.
In villages, people sprinkle cow dung mixed with water in front of their
homes. It is considered to be auspicious. What is the reason? Cow dung
destroys disease-causing germs and thus helps maintain good health. It can
cure many diseases. Today people of other countries have recognised this
truth and are taking full advantage of it. But the Bharatiyas are not making
efforts in this direction. In earlier days, cow dung was used as a remedy
for wounds. People used to bandage the wound with cow dung. In modern times,
people have a wrong notion that the wound becomes septic if cow dung is
bandaged over it. It may become gangrenous also, they argue. It is a
baseless argument. If cow dung is applied, the wound will be healed in three
days. The cow dung has such sacred power. Even the cow urine has medicinal
properties. It is mixed in water and sprinkled on people infected with the
pox. But, the modern trend is against such natural remedies, which are in
fact, beneficial to one and all. The Bharatiyas have to revive such ancient
traditions. Let people say what they want, we have to follow our sacred
traditions. On the day of Vishu, people have a sacred bath and put on new
clothes. Mere external cleanliness is not enough, you have to cleanse your
mind and develop inner purity. Antarbahischa Tatsarvam Vyapya Narayana
Sthita (That all-pervasive God is present within and without). We have to
offer obeisance to our elders and seek their blessings. We have to develop
good relationship with all. Therein lies the true celebration of Vishu.
Today, even among the Keralites, many do not know the true significance of
Vishu. It is a symbol of our great cultural heritage. Today people are not
aware of the greatness of Bharat. It is said, Yenna Bharate Thanna Bharata
(what is not found in Bharat is not found anywhere else). Bharatiyas are
those who sing the glory of God with Bhava, Raga and Thala (feeling, tune
and rhythm). Music will be pleasing to the ears only when these three are in
Right from young age, the children should be taught the greatness of our
ancient culture. They should be moulded into ideal citizens. They should be
made to practise our traditional values. For anything, practise is very
important. The responsibility lies with the parents and teachers to make the
children adhere to our ancient tradition. Then society will certainly
progress and enjoy peace and prosperity. If you practise our ancient values,
society will attain Kshemam (welfare), otherwise, it will be afflicted with
Kshamam (famine). Do not think about the welfare of you and your family
alone. Strive for the welfare of everyone. Loka Samasta Sukhino Bhavantu
(May all the people of the world be happy!)
Make efforts to understand the greatness of our ancient culture and
traditions. Respect everyone. Do not be rude to the elders and guests who
visit your house. Whether your parents are at home or not, offer them a seat
and give them a glass of cold water or buttermilk. Speak to them with love.
However, such noble practices are not to be found among students of the
present times. If somebody rings up asking for father, even if he is at
home, the son keeps down the phone saying he is not there. Even over phone,
you should talk in a respectful manner. You can earn the respect of others
only when you respect them. Respect does not mean merely saying, 'hello'.
You should offer your Namaskara with humility and reverence. Na-maskara
means offering your respects without a trace of Ahamkara and Mamakara (ego
Matru Devo Bhava, Pitru Devo Bhava, Acharya Devo Bhava, Atithi Devo Bhava
(revere your mother, father, preceptor and guest as God). Since our ancients
adhered to such sacred principles, our nation earned the respect of the
entire world. We should develop humility, love and reverence towards elders
like the ancient Bharatiyas. We should practise and propagate our sacred
culture. That is the true sign of education.
Bhagawan concluded His Discourse with the Bhajans, "Prema Mudita Manase Kaho
…", "Govinda Krishna Jai Gopala Krishna Jai …" and "Om Sivaya Om Sivaya …"