Dashratha: His Three Wives And Children
''Dashratha signifies the chariot of the human body consisting often senses. He has three wives, viz., Kaushalya, K-aikeyi and Sumitra who represent Satwic, Rajasic and Tamasic qualities, respectively. These three wives had four children, viz., Rama, Lakshmana, Bharata, Shatrughana who represent the Rig, Yajur, Sama and Atharvana Veda, respectively. Ivau-ilial^ v»-as highly virtuous and even-m'nded. Likewise, Sumitra too was pure-hearted, and as her name indicates she was good friend of everybody (Sumitra). Her ideals were unparalled. When Rama, before going to exile, went to seek the blessings of mother Kaushalya, she lamented saying, 'My son! I can't live without you for a moment.' Then Sumitra consoled her. 'Dear sister. God Himself has taken birth as your son Rama. He can never be farther from anybody. But, He has to act according to the time, place and circumstances. Do not feel sad that he is going away from you. He will come back very soon.' What was Sumitra's advice to her son Lakshmana when he came to seek her blessings before going to the forest? She told him, 'My son! Do not be under the impression that you are going to the forest. Ayodhya is wherever Rama is. Without Sita and Rama, this Ayodhya is but forest. Sita is your mother, Rama is your father. Serve them with love. That is your primary duty.' She advised her son Shatrughana to serve Bharata." Sai Baba, SS. 5/2000, p. 132
Symbolism Of Dasharatha
"You would have heard the name of Dasharatha. Who is he? He is not the king of Ayodhya. Dasharatha refers to one who has control over the human body that has got five senses of perception and five senses of action. The master of these ten senses is Dasharatha. This body is a chariot and Dasharatha is the master of this chariot. He had three wives. They signify Satwic, Rajasic and Tamasic qualities. He had four sons. They signify the four objectives of life: Dharma, Artha, Kama and Moksha. What is the capital of Dasharatha's kingdom? 'Ayodhya', which means it is a place where no one can get into. It signifies 'Hridaya', where no wdcked qualities can enter. Atma symbolizes 'Hridaya' (spiritual heart). God dwells in Hridaya. Hridaya is the centre of love and peace." Sai Baba, SS, 11-12/98. p.
Idealism Of Bharata
"If you consider the conduct of Bharata, you find that even though the kingdom was offered to him by his father and mother, he did not desire to enjoy what belonged by right to the eldest son, Rama. He considered it immoral and opposed to the traditions of the Ikshvaku family to accept the kingdom in such circumstances and firmly renounced it.
Bharata not only refused to ascend the throne, but he took a vow to stay out of the capital (Ayodhya) till Rama returned to the kingdom. He declared he was not prepared to tarnish the good name of his great ancestors for the sake of the throne. 'When Rama has gone to the forest to honour his father's command, I shall also go to the forest', said Bharata. Ultimately he secured the sandals of Rama, installed them on the throne and himself led the life of an ascetic in Nandigrama, a village outside the capital. Is it conceivable that anyone would give up a great good fortune came his way in the manner Bharata did? Will anyone spurn the windfall that comes to him? But, Bharata did not regard the kingdom as a blessing. He felt that it would be infamous to succeed to the throne." Sai Baba. SS, 4/91, p. 89
Idealism Of Rama's Mother, Kaushalya
"How did Kaushalya bless Rama when he prostrated before her prior to leaving for the forest? She declared: 'May that Dharma, for protecting of which you are going to the forest, protect you always!' May you have for your protection all the amulets, which Gouri (Parvati) and other great mothers gave to their sons when they went out to fight the forces of evil.' Thus, Rama received the blessings of his mother, step-mother and all others when he set out for the forest to honour his father's word." Sai Baba. SS. 4/91. p. 90
Idealism Of Lakshamana's Mother Sumitra
"Lakshmana's mother, Sumitra, when her son fell at her feet and sought her blessings before leaving for the forest with Rama and Sita, rejoiced in giving him her blessings. She told him: 'The forest where Rama is will be Ayodhya for you. Will any mother send her son to the forest in this manner?" Sai Baba. SS, 4/91, p. 90